Biomaterial is a term used to denote materials that constitute parts of medical implants, extracorporeal and disposable devices that are used in medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine in all aspects related to health care. Advances achieved in the area of Health, allied to Engineering and other branches of science, motivated mainly by the increase in the expectation and the quality of life, have enabled the development of techniques that seek to restore the total or partial functions of the injured organ or tissue.
More specifically, biomaterials are related to medical devices, especially those that are temporally or permanently implanted in the human body. These materials differ from others because they contain a combination of mechanical, chemical, physical and biological properties that makes their use viable in the human body. In summary, a biomaterial must present an adequate response to a specific situation. The material must be accepted by the tissues that are nearby and also by the other parts of the body, ie the material must be biocompatible, producing no irritation, infections or allergy in the body. In this context, Nupen plays an important role in the elaboration and achievement of several studies aiming to analyze the biocompatibility and biological performance of the different biomaterials developed by the DMC, to define effective and safe application protocols and to qualify professionals in the use of these technologies.